Analytical legal framework on biodiversity conservation in Nigeria, India and United Kingdom
Author(s): Ijaiya Bashir Leke
Abstract: There is no gainsaying the fact that all over the world, there is high alarm rate at which biodiversity is being degraded. Governments at both national and international have devised several methods to curb the incessant assault on biodiversity. One of such methods is the instrument of legislation which provides regulations to improving the protection and conservation of biodiversity. The aims of this article are to examine the various legislations on the conservation of biodiversity in Nigeria, India and the United Kingdom as well as the similarities and dissimilarities in the legislations on biodiversity. It is observed that, the legislations put in place in Nigeria on biodiversity conservation are rarely enforced unlike it is being done in India and the United Kingdom. Also, the right to a clean environment as of right in India and United Kingdom is lacking under the Nigeria Constitution. It is therefore recommended that, enforcement of the laws on biodiversity be given utmost priority and the right to clean environment be made justiciable particularly in Nigeria pursuant to Article 24 of the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights.